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Florida Phosphate Gypsum Stacks Display Severe Environmental Impacts

Nov 1, 2015 |
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(Fig 1, Gypsum Stack - www.tampabay.com ) One of EPA’s (Environmental Protection Agency) main concerns with phosphate mines in Florida are with gypsum stacks (gypstack). This concern ... Read more

Florida Phosphate Mining In Sovereignty Lands

Jun 19, 2016 |
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Since the turn of the twentieth century, the phosphate industry purchased large tracts of land in west central Florida, including the upper Peace River watershed. Florida’s phosphate industry ... Read more

Florida Phosphate Rock Quandary

Nov 1, 2015 |
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Florida Phosphate Rock Quandary Many years ago, the ocean flooded an ancient land mass today we call Florida and a layer of sand and clay rich in tiny phosphate particles were deposited. ... Read more

Do Floridians Know About Phosphate Production’s Many Hazards?

Jan 4, 2016 |
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Florida’s phosphate industry creates many serious environmental impacts during the “wet” process in the production of fertilizer (1), including unmetered groundwater consumption. ... Read more

The Phosphate Risk: Welcome

Aug 31, 2015 |
PR: 3
The Phosphate Risk in Florida. Dragline mining machine. Phosphate companies have mined out central Florida. The phosphate depleted, the companies have ... ... Read more

Natural Spring Venue Dollars are Significant To Florida Economy

Jan 4, 2016 |
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I recall as a young boy growing up in west central Florida that natural springs were clean, fresh, and plentiful. Everyone I knew at that time had easy access to natural springs in many forms because ... Read more

Florida Residence Take FIPR Survey on the Phosphate Industry Practices

Sep 19, 2015 |
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Do Florida’s residents know about the phosphate industries abysmal practice of destroying Florida’s geographical environment for the phosphate some 40 feet beneath the surface? ... Read more

Florida’s Politicians Follow the Phosphate Money

Oct 8, 2015 |
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The Florida phosphate industry demonstrates the need to donate millions of dollars to Florida’s politicians. This is easily seen by researching where, when, and how much money Florida’s ... Read more

Fertilizer Production Displays Adverse Effects On Industry Workers

Jan 18, 2016 |
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(Fig. 1) Phosphate Strip Mining In Central Florida Fortunately for the United States, Central Florida is home to the largest known phosphate reserves in the world. Phosphate and its derivatives ... Read more

Florida Mines - Phosphate Draglines Aquifers, Overburden and Sinkholes

Jul 27, 2015 |
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Florida Mines (Bone Valley) phosphate draglines causing Florida aquifer formation destruction, sinkholes, bone valley mines. ... Read more

EPA Disrespected by Florida’s Politicians Concerning Phosphate Radiation

Dec 18, 2015 |
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(Fig. 2) Phosphate Drag Line In Background - Phosphate Waste In Foreground Florida’s phosphate dilemma started a lifetime ago when fate and the Army Corps of Engineers happened to uncover ... Read more

Phosphate Industry Strip Mining Central Florida Watersheds

May 17, 2016 |
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The state of Florida owns all riparian lands and navigable waterways held in “trust” for the public at large by the sovereignty granted to Florida at statehood in 1845 by the United ... Read more

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eMag+ Brings Revolution To Online Publishing

Dec 26, 2016 |
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Markham, Ontario: Alive Software Inc. which develops software application platforms for online publishing announced the launch of its new product. eMag+ an online publishing platform and digital ... Read more

Florida Phosphate Mining In Sovereignty Lands

Jun 19, 2016 |
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Since the turn of the twentieth century, the phosphate industry purchased large tracts of land in west central Florida, including the upper Peace River watershed. Florida’s phosphate industry ... Read more

Florida Sinkholes Created By Phosphate Mining

Jun 15, 2016 |
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Florida citizens living near west-central Florida are no strangers to sinkhole formation. Unfortunately, sinkholes forming in west-central Florida are as likely to be related to regional phosphate ... Read more

Florida Phosphate Mining And The Public Trust Doctrine

Jun 12, 2016 |
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During the past seventy years of phosphate strip mining in west-central Florida, the phosphate industry has at some time been faced with strip mining navigable waterways and riparian lands as defined ... Read more

What Is a Dragline and What Does It Do?

May 26, 2016 |
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The dragline's bucket system consists of a large bucket that is suspended from a boom. The bucket is moved by many cables, chains and ropes. The hoisting rope, which is powered by either a diesel or ... Read more

Phosphate Industry Strip Mining Central Florida Watersheds

May 17, 2016 |
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The state of Florida owns all riparian lands and navigable waterways held in “trust” for the public at large by the sovereignty granted to Florida at statehood in 1845 by the United ... Read more

Florida Phosphate Industry Practices Severely Disturb Navigable Waterways?

May 12, 2016 |
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Florida is known as the “Sunshine State”, but interestingly receives more rainfall than most states in the Union. Florida receives enormous amounts of yearly rainfall from north to south ... Read more

Phosphate Industry Siege On Alafia River And Watersheds

May 5, 2016 |
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The Alafia River watersheds and smaller tributaries in the area are known to be used as “navigable waterways” by the state of Florida during the early-19th century by European (1) ... Read more

Phosphate Mining In The Myakka River Watershed

May 1, 2016 |
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As a youth growing up in west central Florida, my friends and I covered countless miles of the environmentally rich landscape on foot. We pushed through wetlands, marshes, bogs, tributaries, surface ... Read more

Florida Riparian Lands And Navigable Waterway Rights

Apr 29, 2016 |
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The Peace River Valley watershed with all its tributaries, streams, bogs, marshlands, springs, and aquifers is considered by the state of Florida to be “navigable waterways” or ... Read more

Phosphate Mining The Peace River Watershed Basin

Apr 20, 2016 |
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The Peace River watershed lies in west central Florida about forty miles east of the Tampa Bay area. Florida’s Peace River was declared an “endangered river” by “American ... Read more

Florida Rivers, Springs, Lakes, And Aquifers Are Navigable Waterways With Riparian Rights?

Apr 15, 2016 |
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The Peace River headwaters in west central Florida are naturally spring fed by local aquifers “contained” in the landscape. The River “meanders” some 120 miles to the ... Read more

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Florida Sinkholes Created By Phosphate Mining

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Florida Sinkholes Created By Phosphate Mining

Sinkholes are known to occur inside phosphogypsum stacks due to the added weight created by the “stack”. The stacks are also radioactive creating environmental hazards in and around all phosphate facilities. The stacks hold billions of gallons of toxic radioactive waste and historically are susceptible to failing, creating severe environmental impacts to properties adjacent to mining facilities.

Florida citizens living near west-central Florida are no strangers to sinkhole formation. Unfortunately, sinkholes forming in west-central Florida are as likely to be related to regional phosphate mining as natural occurrences. Sinkholes related to phosphate mining in the area have and still do occur by adding a large mass such as a phosphogypsum stack or by removing significant amounts of weight such as in phosphate strip mining.

Historically, the process of making fertilizer is causing sinkholes to form beneath phosphogypsum stacks and strip mined lands. Sinkholes not only occur near phosphate operations, but can occur miles from phosphate mining plants due to over-pumping from local aquifers. The local aquifer is starved for water. In turn, water from other local aquifers now flow to the starved aquifers until the land above the aquifers becomes unstable and sinkholes may occur at any time.

During the process of making fertilizers in the phosphogypsum stack, toxic waste by-products cause sinkholes to develop due to accelerated dissolution by the waste by-products on the karst landscape beneath the “stacks”. In other words, the process of making fertilizer dissolves the karst rock landscape much faster than would occur naturally, causing higher probabilities of sinkhole formation.

Sinkholes formed by this very process in the bottom of a “stack” and billions (1) of gallons of toxic waste flowed through the lower part of the “stack” into the sinkhole and severely polluted Florida’s freshwater reserves contained in the karst rock formation under the “stack”. The toxic release was found to affect the Floridan aquifer adversely as well, which is the largest aquifer in the state. The “stack” in this case is over two hundred feet in height and covers more than four hundred acres all of which is filled to the top with toxic waste by-products. The waste by-products are so toxic; the Department of Environmental Protection does not allow the phosphate industry to move the waste by-product off-site.

West-central Florida is home to at least twenty phosphogypsum stacks, and not one “stack” is engineered with any environmental protection in mind. Florida’s local environmental conservation is not a priority for phosphate officials. It is just a matter of time before more stacks accelerate dissolution on the landscape and create even more sinkholes causing more severe environmental impacts to Florida’s freshwater reserves.

Historically, Florida’s elected officials know this as well because state agencies responsible for overseeing the phosphate industry practices report to these same elected officials. One can see the greed involved in the phosphate industry, county officials, and Tallahassee (Capitol) as well. Money seems to be more important to industry officials than human lives and the environment that sustains us all.

At least six “stacks” have already failed causing severe environmental impacts to adjacent lands polluting and killing all flora and fauna in an area called a “dead zone.” Dead zones are where all forms of life cease to exist for an extended period based on the amount of toxic waste released. (2) In another “stack” failure almost five-hundred million gallons of toxic sludge was released causing two vehicles driving by the “stack” to be swept away by the torrent of waste by-products.

When the toxic releases occur phosphate officials either try to hide the spills or offer little in the way of mitigating collateral damage by sound engineering practices. Each “stack” that fails creates severe environmental impacts lasting in some cases for years. Florida’s drinking water is continually at risk from phosphogypsum stacks because of Florida’s phosphate industry practices.

If the threat of sinkholes occurring on a daily basis is not enough, the “stacks” holding toxic waste by-products are radioactive as well. Radioactive elements are naturally occurring far beneath the central Florida landscape. However, the “stacks” produced by the phosphate industry are compacted tightly and contain a far denser source of radioactive materials than would occur naturally. In other words, the amount of radioactive emissions from “stacks” is known to cause several types of cancers including lung cancer and other diseases related to the esophagus and throat.

The greatest threat of by-product radioactive material comes from radium and radon gas. Both of these toxic materials are based on the uranium content being strip mined because radium and radon are in the decay chain of uranium. Radon is in the form of gas, so the wind carries these toxins for miles in some cases. Florida’s elected officials know phosphate industry practices are costing millions of taxpayer dollars on a daily basis without an end in sight.

Reference

1. Peace River Cumulative Impact Assessment - swfwmd.state.fl.us/waterman/peaceriver/.

2. Phosphate Mines. - dep.state.fl.us/water/mines/manpho.htm.

Florida Mines is your website for learning the unethical practices of Florida's phosphate strip mining industry. See how they destroy and pollute unique aquifer systems, watershed, springs, creeks, and rivers. Read more from Davey Crockett @: https://www.flmines.com

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