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Florida Phosphate Gypsum Stacks Display Severe Environmental Impacts

Nov 1, 2015 |
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(Fig 1, Gypsum Stack - www.tampabay.com ) One of EPA’s (Environmental Protection Agency) main concerns with phosphate mines in Florida are with gypsum stacks (gypstack). This concern ... Read more

Florida Phosphate Mining In Sovereignty Lands

Jun 19, 2016 |
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Since the turn of the twentieth century, the phosphate industry purchased large tracts of land in west central Florida, including the upper Peace River watershed. Florida’s phosphate industry ... Read more

Florida Phosphate Rock Quandary

Nov 1, 2015 |
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Florida Phosphate Rock Quandary Many years ago, the ocean flooded an ancient land mass today we call Florida and a layer of sand and clay rich in tiny phosphate particles were deposited. ... Read more

Do Floridians Know About Phosphate Production’s Many Hazards?

Jan 4, 2016 |
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Florida’s phosphate industry creates many serious environmental impacts during the “wet” process in the production of fertilizer (1), including unmetered groundwater consumption. ... Read more

The Phosphate Risk: Welcome

Aug 31, 2015 |
PR: 3
The Phosphate Risk in Florida. Dragline mining machine. Phosphate companies have mined out central Florida. The phosphate depleted, the companies have ... ... Read more

Natural Spring Venue Dollars are Significant To Florida Economy

Jan 4, 2016 |
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I recall as a young boy growing up in west central Florida that natural springs were clean, fresh, and plentiful. Everyone I knew at that time had easy access to natural springs in many forms because ... Read more

Florida Residence Take FIPR Survey on the Phosphate Industry Practices

Sep 19, 2015 |
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Do Florida’s residents know about the phosphate industries abysmal practice of destroying Florida’s geographical environment for the phosphate some 40 feet beneath the surface? ... Read more

Florida’s Politicians Follow the Phosphate Money

Oct 8, 2015 |
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The Florida phosphate industry demonstrates the need to donate millions of dollars to Florida’s politicians. This is easily seen by researching where, when, and how much money Florida’s ... Read more

Fertilizer Production Displays Adverse Effects On Industry Workers

Jan 18, 2016 |
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(Fig. 1) Phosphate Strip Mining In Central Florida Fortunately for the United States, Central Florida is home to the largest known phosphate reserves in the world. Phosphate and its derivatives ... Read more

Phosphate Industry Strip Mining Central Florida Watersheds

May 17, 2016 |
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The state of Florida owns all riparian lands and navigable waterways held in “trust” for the public at large by the sovereignty granted to Florida at statehood in 1845 by the United ... Read more

Florida Mines - Phosphate Draglines Aquifers, Overburden and Sinkholes

Jul 27, 2015 |
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Florida Mines (Bone Valley) phosphate draglines causing Florida aquifer formation destruction, sinkholes, bone valley mines. ... Read more

EPA Disrespected by Florida’s Politicians Concerning Phosphate Radiation

Dec 18, 2015 |
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(Fig. 2) Phosphate Drag Line In Background - Phosphate Waste In Foreground Florida’s phosphate dilemma started a lifetime ago when fate and the Army Corps of Engineers happened to uncover ... Read more

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eMag+ Brings Revolution To Online Publishing

Dec 26, 2016 |
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Markham, Ontario: Alive Software Inc. which develops software application platforms for online publishing announced the launch of its new product. eMag+ an online publishing platform and digital ... Read more

Florida Phosphate Mining In Sovereignty Lands

Jun 19, 2016 |
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Since the turn of the twentieth century, the phosphate industry purchased large tracts of land in west central Florida, including the upper Peace River watershed. Florida’s phosphate industry ... Read more

Florida Sinkholes Created By Phosphate Mining

Jun 15, 2016 |
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Florida citizens living near west-central Florida are no strangers to sinkhole formation. Unfortunately, sinkholes forming in west-central Florida are as likely to be related to regional phosphate ... Read more

Florida Phosphate Mining And The Public Trust Doctrine

Jun 12, 2016 |
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During the past seventy years of phosphate strip mining in west-central Florida, the phosphate industry has at some time been faced with strip mining navigable waterways and riparian lands as defined ... Read more

What Is a Dragline and What Does It Do?

May 26, 2016 |
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The dragline's bucket system consists of a large bucket that is suspended from a boom. The bucket is moved by many cables, chains and ropes. The hoisting rope, which is powered by either a diesel or ... Read more

Phosphate Industry Strip Mining Central Florida Watersheds

May 17, 2016 |
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The state of Florida owns all riparian lands and navigable waterways held in “trust” for the public at large by the sovereignty granted to Florida at statehood in 1845 by the United ... Read more

Florida Phosphate Industry Practices Severely Disturb Navigable Waterways?

May 12, 2016 |
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Florida is known as the “Sunshine State”, but interestingly receives more rainfall than most states in the Union. Florida receives enormous amounts of yearly rainfall from north to south ... Read more

Phosphate Industry Siege On Alafia River And Watersheds

May 5, 2016 |
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The Alafia River watersheds and smaller tributaries in the area are known to be used as “navigable waterways” by the state of Florida during the early-19th century by European (1) ... Read more

Phosphate Mining In The Myakka River Watershed

May 1, 2016 |
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As a youth growing up in west central Florida, my friends and I covered countless miles of the environmentally rich landscape on foot. We pushed through wetlands, marshes, bogs, tributaries, surface ... Read more

Florida Riparian Lands And Navigable Waterway Rights

Apr 29, 2016 |
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The Peace River Valley watershed with all its tributaries, streams, bogs, marshlands, springs, and aquifers is considered by the state of Florida to be “navigable waterways” or ... Read more

Phosphate Mining The Peace River Watershed Basin

Apr 20, 2016 |
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The Peace River watershed lies in west central Florida about forty miles east of the Tampa Bay area. Florida’s Peace River was declared an “endangered river” by “American ... Read more

Florida Rivers, Springs, Lakes, And Aquifers Are Navigable Waterways With Riparian Rights?

Apr 15, 2016 |
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The Peace River headwaters in west central Florida are naturally spring fed by local aquifers “contained” in the landscape. The River “meanders” some 120 miles to the ... Read more

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Fertilizer Production Displays Adverse Effects On Industry Workers

Title:
Fertilizer Production Displays Adverse Effects On Industry Workers



Florida’s phosphate industry practices display adverse effects on industry workers. The following information discusses industry related illnesses adversely effecting phosphate mining industry employees.


(Fig. 1) Phosphate Strip Mining In Central Florida


Fortunately for the United States, Central Florida is home to the largest known phosphate reserves in the world. Phosphate and its derivatives are essential to continuing life on Earth, based on phosphorus and related nutrients from nitrogen. It is safe to say, phosphate reserves located in the United States are critical to the economy and national security concerns as well.

Both the U.S. economy and safety depend on phosphate reserves in the U.S. and around the world. The United States is known to have over seventy percent of the world’s phosphate reserves. Florida reserves are over ninety percent of phosphate reserves found in the U.S. Basically; Central Florida is ground zero for phosphate mega-mining. Phosphate is needed for one’s health, but phosphate mining and fertilizer production are linked to severe illnesses and even death.

Historically, Florida’s phosphate industry has little if any oversight from state and federal levels of officials. Until recently, industry practices were overlooked or regarded as benign to Florida’s environmental health issues. Interestingly, the industry today is alleged to be responsible for the greatest threat to Florida’s environment, based on comments from the Department of Environmental Protection.

Phosphate companies have stripped mined central Florida for over 60 years which benefits local economies located near one of the many phosphate mining plants. The industry in central Florida employs hundreds of workers and seems to offer stability for one’s livelihood. From the outside looking in, it appears industry workers have employment longevity to support a comfortable lifestyle. Industry employs many good people and their jobs can be dirty, dusty, smelly, hazardous, and back breaking as well.

Florida’s phosphate industry workers seem to have stable incomes and can afford health, dental, and life insurance policies for themselves and their families. Now that health care is affordable, industry workers pay their premiums and begin seeing their doctors for illnesses, checkups, and prescription medicines. Phosphate mining workers now have medical histories and can track their health problems over, in some cases, years of employment with the industry.

One may expect healthy industry workers due to continuous health care over time. However, statistically, research shows industry employees have higher than average adverse health effects, reportedly from exposure to phosphate mining and the production of fertilizers. The primary illnesses with industry workers are respiratory and esophageal health related. (1)

Health Threats To Phosphate Industry Workers Documented

Research results completed in the late 1980’s, statistically show increased adverse effects on industry workers including higher incidences of respiratory illnesses such as lung cancer and cancers related to the esophagus. Data indicates the longer one works for the phosphate industry; the greater one’s risk to become ill due to respiratory, esophageal, and radiation poisoning issues. This is called a “dose-response relationship” (2). Historically; the mortality rate for phosphate industry workers is much higher than Florida’s state average mortality rate for similar illnesses and ages. The research also considers similar habits such as smoking or chewing tobacco. The illnesses discussed here are related to respiratory, throat, and radiation exposure as well. (1) The research reflects phosphate industry workers employed for longer than eleven months.

Research indicates employees directly exposed to the process of producing fertilizer from phosphate are the industry workers most likely to display adverse effects concerning respiratory illnesses and diseases related to alpha and gamma radiation emissions. The emissions are based on uranium and radium existing in fertilizer production waste by-products. Research displays the further away one's job is from the production of fertilizer; the less likely one will contract related illnesses. The statistics show a greater number of illnesses directly linked by one's proximity to the manufacture of fertilizer from phosphate.

Florida’s phosphate industry offers employment stability for local economies adjacent to mining facilities. However, phosphate industry employees may be at risk for serious respiratory and esophageal illnesses due to their proximity to the production of fertilizer.

Reference

1. Cancer Morbidity and Mortality in Phosphate Workers1, Departments of Epidemiology [G. B., G. M. A/., R. S.] and Environmental Health Sciences [T. M.J, The Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health,Baltimore, Maryland 21205

2. [CANCER RESEARCH 48. 7298-7303. December 15. 1988]

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