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Florida Phosphate Gypsum Stacks Display Severe Environmental Impacts

Nov 1, 2015 |
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(Fig 1, Gypsum Stack - www.tampabay.com ) One of EPA’s (Environmental Protection Agency) main concerns with phosphate mines in Florida are with gypsum stacks (gypstack). This concern ... Read more

Florida Phosphate Mining In Sovereignty Lands

Jun 19, 2016 |
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Since the turn of the twentieth century, the phosphate industry purchased large tracts of land in west central Florida, including the upper Peace River watershed. Florida’s phosphate industry ... Read more

Florida Phosphate Rock Quandary

Nov 1, 2015 |
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Florida Phosphate Rock Quandary Many years ago, the ocean flooded an ancient land mass today we call Florida and a layer of sand and clay rich in tiny phosphate particles were deposited. ... Read more

Do Floridians Know About Phosphate Production’s Many Hazards?

Jan 4, 2016 |
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Florida’s phosphate industry creates many serious environmental impacts during the “wet” process in the production of fertilizer (1), including unmetered groundwater consumption. ... Read more

The Phosphate Risk: Welcome

Aug 31, 2015 |
PR: 3
The Phosphate Risk in Florida. Dragline mining machine. Phosphate companies have mined out central Florida. The phosphate depleted, the companies have ... ... Read more

Natural Spring Venue Dollars are Significant To Florida Economy

Jan 4, 2016 |
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I recall as a young boy growing up in west central Florida that natural springs were clean, fresh, and plentiful. Everyone I knew at that time had easy access to natural springs in many forms because ... Read more

Florida Residence Take FIPR Survey on the Phosphate Industry Practices

Sep 19, 2015 |
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Do Florida’s residents know about the phosphate industries abysmal practice of destroying Florida’s geographical environment for the phosphate some 40 feet beneath the surface? ... Read more

Florida’s Politicians Follow the Phosphate Money

Oct 8, 2015 |
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The Florida phosphate industry demonstrates the need to donate millions of dollars to Florida’s politicians. This is easily seen by researching where, when, and how much money Florida’s ... Read more

Fertilizer Production Displays Adverse Effects On Industry Workers

Jan 18, 2016 |
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(Fig. 1) Phosphate Strip Mining In Central Florida Fortunately for the United States, Central Florida is home to the largest known phosphate reserves in the world. Phosphate and its derivatives ... Read more

Phosphate Industry Strip Mining Central Florida Watersheds

May 17, 2016 |
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The state of Florida owns all riparian lands and navigable waterways held in “trust” for the public at large by the sovereignty granted to Florida at statehood in 1845 by the United ... Read more

Florida Mines - Phosphate Draglines Aquifers, Overburden and Sinkholes

Jul 27, 2015 |
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Florida Mines (Bone Valley) phosphate draglines causing Florida aquifer formation destruction, sinkholes, bone valley mines. ... Read more

EPA Disrespected by Florida’s Politicians Concerning Phosphate Radiation

Dec 18, 2015 |
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(Fig. 2) Phosphate Drag Line In Background - Phosphate Waste In Foreground Florida’s phosphate dilemma started a lifetime ago when fate and the Army Corps of Engineers happened to uncover ... Read more

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Markham, Ontario: Alive Software Inc. which develops software application platforms for online publishing announced the launch of its new product. eMag+ an online publishing platform and digital ... Read more

Florida Phosphate Mining In Sovereignty Lands

Jun 19, 2016 |
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Since the turn of the twentieth century, the phosphate industry purchased large tracts of land in west central Florida, including the upper Peace River watershed. Florida’s phosphate industry ... Read more

Florida Sinkholes Created By Phosphate Mining

Jun 15, 2016 |
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Florida citizens living near west-central Florida are no strangers to sinkhole formation. Unfortunately, sinkholes forming in west-central Florida are as likely to be related to regional phosphate ... Read more

Florida Phosphate Mining And The Public Trust Doctrine

Jun 12, 2016 |
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During the past seventy years of phosphate strip mining in west-central Florida, the phosphate industry has at some time been faced with strip mining navigable waterways and riparian lands as defined ... Read more

What Is a Dragline and What Does It Do?

May 26, 2016 |
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The dragline's bucket system consists of a large bucket that is suspended from a boom. The bucket is moved by many cables, chains and ropes. The hoisting rope, which is powered by either a diesel or ... Read more

Phosphate Industry Strip Mining Central Florida Watersheds

May 17, 2016 |
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The state of Florida owns all riparian lands and navigable waterways held in “trust” for the public at large by the sovereignty granted to Florida at statehood in 1845 by the United ... Read more

Florida Phosphate Industry Practices Severely Disturb Navigable Waterways?

May 12, 2016 |
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Florida is known as the “Sunshine State”, but interestingly receives more rainfall than most states in the Union. Florida receives enormous amounts of yearly rainfall from north to south ... Read more

Phosphate Industry Siege On Alafia River And Watersheds

May 5, 2016 |
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The Alafia River watersheds and smaller tributaries in the area are known to be used as “navigable waterways” by the state of Florida during the early-19th century by European (1) ... Read more

Phosphate Mining In The Myakka River Watershed

May 1, 2016 |
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As a youth growing up in west central Florida, my friends and I covered countless miles of the environmentally rich landscape on foot. We pushed through wetlands, marshes, bogs, tributaries, surface ... Read more

Florida Riparian Lands And Navigable Waterway Rights

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Phosphate Mining The Peace River Watershed Basin

Apr 20, 2016 |
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Florida Rivers, Springs, Lakes, And Aquifers Are Navigable Waterways With Riparian Rights?

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Florida Phosphate Mining In Sovereignty Lands

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Florida Phosphate Mining In Sovereignty Lands

Florida’s “Public Trust Doctrine” defines sovereignty lands as riparian in nature and can be used for any lawful public activity including bathing, transportation, commerce, and the like. These lands and waterways are sovereign and cannot be altered in any way based on the Public Trust Doctrine. Florida’s phosphate industry may unknowingly be operating illegally in the Peace River watershed based on Florida’s “sovereignty lands” doctrine.

Since the turn of the twentieth century, the phosphate industry purchased large tracts of land in west central Florida, including the upper Peace River watershed. Florida’s phosphate industry is mining in the Peace River basin, which also include “sovereignty lands”. Florida’s state agencies charged with “permitting” the phosphate industry to strip mine in the Peace River region may be doing so illegally based on the Public Trust Doctrine (3). Sovereignty lands are expressly public in Florida and cannot be altered in any way that disrupts natural processes.

Much of west central Florida landscape consists of lowlands and marshlands. Florida’s highest court historically rules against claims of “swamp deeds” and claims of “overflow lands” in the Peace River watershed because the Peace River is defined as a “navigable waterway.” The argument by Florida’s Supreme Court against swamp deeds and overflow lands is based on The Public Trust Doctrine of Florida. The Court refers to the Public Trust Doctrine in cases including marshlands, lowlands, and flood lands as well.

The Court offers “examples of sovereignty lands”. They can be shallow vegetated shores that are submerged during the rainy season and are lower than the high water boundary surrounding all water bodies in question (lakes, rivers) and are considered “sovereignty lands” by definition based on The Public Trust Doctrine. The Court’s rulings also reflect the riparian lands on the farthest reaches of the navigable waterway. The Court explained areas not always submerged on the outer edges of the waterway were still riparian in nature and sovereignty lands in fact because they lie below the high water marks of the water body in question. In this case, the water body in question is the Peace River and watershed.

In the cases heard by the Florida Supreme Court concerning sovereignty lands; the Court rejects all claims of deeds to properties on related navigable waterways and riparian lands or “sovereign lands.” The Court rejects these property deeds when the agencies involved in selling the land have no right to “convey sovereignty lands”, based on The Public Trust Doctrine, a constitutional doctrine. Meaning large tracts of land sold to the phosphate industry may not be legal to sell because “these” large tracts of land in west central Florida are “sovereignty lands” based on the Peace River watershed and The Public Trust Doctrine.

The definition of sovereignty lands are those lands beneath navigable water bodies in question. Ownership of sovereignty lands is not based on a legal description, but on the nature of the water body in question. Navigable waterways are defined by the water body’s natural characteristics, not by any record of deed or tittle all of which are discussed in The Public Trust Doctrine. Florida’s navigable waterways are clearly established by the Public Trust Doctrine and Florida’s Supreme Court rulings on the subject.

The Peace River watershed is known to be a public navigable “water body” in west central Florida. In areas where the landscape is flat, much of these water bodies do not have a permanent location marked on the ground for high and low watermarks because the watermarks are ambulatory in nature. Historically, they shift gradually, responding to natural processes like erosion or accretion (build up). In cases where the high or low water marks are difficult to ascertain, due to natural causes, the Florida Supreme Court ruled this type of landscape as riparian (public) in nature or sovereignty lands.

The mighty phosphate dragline is the culprit, severely altering or removing navigable waterways and sovereignty lands in west central Florida strip mining operations. Operators are instructed by operations’ managers to remove all in their path to reach the valuable phosphate ore just beneath the “sovereignty lands” and “navigable” water bodies.

Many large tracts of land sold to the phosphate industry in west-central Florida hold navigable waterways and sovereignty lands. This is no secret; all of west central Florida mining operations can be seen from Google© Maps. However, the property may have been conveyed illegally. The Peace River watershed covers almost 2500 square miles. The Upper Peace River watershed encompasses Bartow, Mulberry, and, Pinecrest, FL phosphate facilities. (2) The phosphate facilities in Bartow and Mulberry are two of the largest strip mining operations in the United States.

It is very probable Florida’s phosphate industry has a negative (1) impact on the Peace River watershed because production facilities are located within the boundaries of the Peace River watershed. Historically, the facilities in Mulberry and Bartow cause severe environmental impacts based on billions of gallons of highly toxic waste by-product “releases” over time from each facility. It may be “impossible” for Florida’s phosphate industry “not” to have a severe negative impact on the Peace River watershed. The particular points mentioned against the phosphate industry are controversial if not unknowingly illegal based on the Public Trust Doctrine and “sovereignty lands” doctrine. However, ignorance is no excuse for breaking laws.

Reference

1. Review of the EPA's Economic Analysis of Final… - nap.edu/read/13376/chapter/3.

2. Additional Phosphate Mining Information. - mymanatee.org/home/government/departments/parks-and-recreation/natural-resources/environmental-protection/mining-services/phosphate-mining-overview/additional-phosphate-mining-information.html.

3. The Public Trust Doctrine: Historic Protection for Florida's Navigable… - Floridabar.org/divcom/jn/jnjournal01.nsf/Author/8D98D298C0060C0785256B110050FFB7.

Florida Mines is your website for learning the unethical practices of Florida's phosphate strip mining industry. See how they destroy and pollute unique aquifer systems, watershed, springs, creeks, and rivers. Read more from Davey Crockett @ https://www.flmines.com – Florida Mines

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Since the turn of the twentieth century, the phosphate industry purchased large tracts of land in west central Florida, including the upper Peace River watershed. Florida status quo phosphate industry is mining in the Peace River basin

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